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How to Brew Coffee At Home? (Step by Step Guide)

a cup of coffee, hario v60 and a carafe in the background

For many years, coffee has grown in popularity as a drink at any time of the day. Many people know the basics, such as brewing your coffee at home using a drip machine. However, the wide variety of options can be overwhelming for some folks.

If you want a morning jolt followed by an afternoon boost and an evening sip to unwind before bed, a great way to make this work is with iced coffee.

A perfect cup of coffee is a work of art. Each cup tells a story from the type and quality of coffee beans to the quantity and freshness. The perfect blend of art and science can help make every day better through the power of coffee.

Let us teach you how to brew a perfect cup of coffee - caffeinated or decaf - for fun family meals or your next business meeting. 

Every cup of coffee is different, and rightfully so. The roast, freshness, and temperature of the water will affect the flavour of the cup. Even with the same water, different brewing methods produce drinks with unique flavours.

Coffee enjoys a high reputation as one of the world's most incredible beverages, so it only makes sense why it should be appreciated well. The process can seem daunting, but it is easier than you think. You can brew a delightful cup of coffee at home tomorrow.

Coffee is fantastic, and knowing how to make and drink your cup is like learning a new skill. It's better than a cup of coffee at Starbucks.

Luckily, it's easier than ever to learn how to brew coffee at home!!

The best coffee brewing methods for you to try:

Pour-Over Coffee:

a gooseneck kettle, hario v60, carafe and a coffee weighing scale on a kitchen table
Arguably the best brewing process  for a delicious and complex cup of coffee, the pour-over coffee maker is perfect.
  • First, bring cold water to a boil in a kettle.
  • If using whole beans, grind the beans to a uniform consistency similar to granulated table salt.
  • Meanwhile, put a filter in the brewer and rinse with hot water. Rinsing removes the papery residue on the filter and warms up the brewer for a consistent brewing temperature.
  • Discard the water used for rinsing.
  • Add the grounds to the filter, making sure the surface is level.
  • When the water is between 90.5°C and 96.1°C (about a minute after boiling), slowly and steadily pour just enough water over the grounds to saturate them thoroughly; start from the centre and work your way outward in concentric circles.
  • Stop pouring before the coffee begins to drip through. This stage is called the "bloom" pour, which allows the coffee to de-gas.
  • Slowly pour in the remaining water, keeping the water in the dripper between half and three-quarters full.
  • The brew time can vary between 3 to 4 minutes.
  • Remove the filter, then serve and enjoy your hot coffee.

French Press Coffee:

French press coffee equipment pouring coffee into a cup
Caffeinate like a European and make your coffee with the classic French press.
  • First, bring water to a boil in a kettle. 
  • If using whole beans, grind the beans to a medium-coarse consistency (coarser than for pour-over). The grounds should be uniform without a lot of fine grit.
  • Add the coffee grounds to the French press.
  • When the water is between 90.5°C and 96.1°C, add it to the coffee grounds and stir it.
  • After 4 minutes of brew time, plunge the press without agitating the mixture, separating the grounds from the coffee.
  • Serve and relish your hot coffee. 

Note: if you're planning on drinking the coffee later, do not let the coffee rest in the French press, as the extraction will continue making your coffee bitter. Instead, pour the coffee into a mug and enjoy it later.

Moka Pot Coffee

moka pot coffee equipment pouring coffee into a cup
A tiny, Italian-made piece of equipment, the Moka pot has been with us through bad and the good times. We're charmed by the little gurgle it makes as it works its magic on the stovetop.
  • Pre-heat the water to lower the contact time between the coffee grounds and water to prevent cooking the coffee, which will impart a metallic taste.
  • Grind your coffee on a drip coffee setting, about as fine as table salt.
  • You would need enough coffee to fill the filter basket, which is about 15 to 17 grams
  • Add the heated water, fill the line at the brewer's bottom, and insert the filter basket.
  • Fill the basket with coffee, slightly mounded and level the surface off with your finger
  • Close the top and bottom, use hot pads, and don't over tighten
  • Place the Moka-pot on the stove, use moderate heat, and ensure that the handle is not subject to heat. Leave the top lid open.
  • When the extraction is complete, immediately place the base of the Moka-pot on a chilled towel or place it under running cold tap water to prevent over-extraction.
  • As soon as the coffee stops bubbling out, pour it into cups or a carafe
The Moka pot delivers a relatively small quantity of coffee that is concentrated and rich.

Making coffee at home

a person pouring french press coffee into a cup for another person at the breakfast table, cut apple and fruit juice is on the table

There are two aspects of the coffee cup that contribute to its flavour and aroma. The first is the grind size used, and the second is the water used. 

Grind size affects both the flavour and aroma; the finer the grind, the more delicate the flavour and aroma notes will be.

If you are not careful, you can end up with a cup that tastes bitter and acrid. Over time this can lead to headaches and stomach upset. 

A Coarser grind makes a sweeter cup but can be under-extracted, acidic and weak.

A finer grind provides more flavour but can introduce bitterness. In general, the larger the grind size, the longer is the brew time. Brew time is the contact time between the coffee grounds and water.

The other factor here is the brew ratio. The ratio is where you have the most control over your coffee's flavour. 

Strong or weak? Rich or mild? The recommended ratio is between 1:15 to 1:17.

i.e. 15 to 17 grams of water for every gram of coffee

These ratios are just a guideline; you need to experiment to know what's right for you. Note down the weight of your coffee and the weight of water every time you brew a cup.

Now taste your coffee. Does it taste rich? Is it a little weak? Is it more robust or more bitter than you like?

If you've written down the ratio, here's how to get closer to your ideal taste:

Want a more decadent flavour? Use more coffee. Want a sweeter brew? Use less coffee.

You should have the perfect cup after a few tries.

By carefully selecting the right beans and choosing a well-prepared brewing method, you're able to create a drink that has complex flavours and body. 

What role does water play in making coffee? Many variables affect the taste and aroma, and body. Still, one feature consistent throughout all coffees is the presence of water.

Water makes up more than 90% of your coffee; it also acts as a solvent. Water influences the taste as well as the extraction of coffee. Hence, it is essential to use filtered soft water.

The preparation of coffee is a different art form from the preparation of any other drink. I have been in the coffee industry for a very long time. If I had to be involved with coffee for the rest of my life, I would not mind it one bit. 

How to enjoy coffee?

three friends seated around a table are enjoying coffee together

There's a lot of things to look out for when enjoying a hot cup of coffee. The beans, the roast, the amount of water used – these are all attributes that will determine the final flavour of your drink. 

Coffee is truly an excellent drink. Drinking coffee is a great way to start or continue a conversation. It can bring many people closer together and is so welcoming.

How does black coffee taste?

If you may have never had coffee before, then this is an excellent place to start. Coffee doesn't have an "individual" flavour but instead has an extensive range of tastes. It all depends on how the beans are prepared, roasted, and brewed.

Like wine, coffee has hundreds of different flavours; some are very subtle. Also, like wine, the coffee beans have different flavours based on where they are grown and how they are roasted.

Sometimes it can be hard to pin down a specific flavour note for coffee beans.

Drinking fast can ruin the taste of your coffee, leaving you with an unpleasant after-taste and a burning sensation in the stomach.

Final Remarks

At Classic Beans, we make it easy for you to enjoy great coffee at home. Our beans are designed to create the best possible cup of coffee, even for beginners. We're experts in what we do, which means you get the best coffee experience no matter where you are. 

We do our best to help you create a tasty cup of coffee even on your busiest days. 

If you are wondering how to choose your beans, we've got you covered. Below is a list of our favourite articles that we hope will provide you with the education and inspiration needed to enjoy coffee in all of its splendour. 

TOP 9 Green Coffee Defects That You Need To Know Now

4 Types of Coffee Beans and Their Characteristics (The Ultimate Guide)

The Blissful South Indian Filter Coffee (Why We Love It)

Our goal is to deliver great products at an affordable price. We want you to have the best coffee experience that you can get from Classic Beans.

Chikmagalur Coffee Powder | Buy Coffee Online – Classic Beans

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